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Terms related to the health and social services reform

The definitions are based on the government’s legislative proposals on the health and social services reform and client’s freedom of choice.

Assessment of the need for services

Assessment of the need for services means that a health or social care professional and a client together define the health and social services the client needs.

See also client care plan

Capitation-based compensation

Capitation-based compensation is a fixed sum of money the counties pay to health and social services centres and oral health units for each individual who signs up as a client.

See also performance-based compensation

Client care plan

A client care plan details the health and social services a client needs and how they will be delivered. It is based on an assessment of the client’s need for services.

See also assessment of the need for services, health and social services centre, unincorporated county enterprise

Collaborative area for healthcare and social welfare

Collaborative areas for healthcare and social welfare are formed by counties for the purpose of regional integration, development collaboration and division of duties in healthcare and social welfare.

Corporate social responsibility

Corporate social responsibility means the obligation of the providers of health and social services to publish information about their operations and social responsibility.

Criteria for service providers

Criteria for service providers are a set of county-defined conditions that service providers must meet before they can deliver services within the scope of freedom of choice (direct-choice services, health and social services vouchers and personal budgets).

Digitalisation, digital services

Digitalisation means the utilisation of digital technologies in services, working life and people’s daily lives.

Direct-choice service

Direct-choice services mean that clients can choose the service provider themselves without an assessment of the need for services by their county.

Freedom of choice

Freedom of choice means that clients have the right to choose themselves which service provider and which of the service provider's units they will use to get health and social services.

See also health and social services centre, service entity, oral health unit, freedom of choice pilot projects

Freedom of choice pilot projects

Freedom of choice pilot projects are implemented across Finland to test how freedom of choice works in practice.

Health and social services centre, HSS centre

Health and social services centres provide primary health services and advice on social services. HSS centres are comparable to the existing health centres.

Health and social services reform

The health and social services reform is an initiative of Prime Minister Juha Sipilä’s Government to restructure the organisation of public healthcare and social welfare services.

Health and social services voucher

A health and social services voucher can be granted to a client for getting a particular health or social service. The service provider is compensated for the costs of delivering the service up to the amount indicated in the voucher.

Healthcare and social welfare

Healthcare and social welfare means an activity in which public authorities organise healthcare and social welfare services.

Integration

See service integration

Locally accessible service

Locally accessible services are services that clients can access with reasonable ease at home or close to their home.

Low threshold service

Low threshold services are services that clients can access without appointment or referral.

Oral health unit, dental clinic

Oral health units provide oral health services.

Performance-based compensation

Performance-based compensation is a sum of money the counties pay to service providers to compensate for the costs of delivering a service or performing a procedure.

See also capitation-based compensation

Personal budget

A personal budget can be granted to a client with long-term service needs for getting health or social service. The service provider is compensated for the costs of delivering services up to the amount indicated in the budget.

See also client care plan, unincorporated county enterprise

Public service pledge

Public service pledge is a description of the targets and values that serve as a basis for the way a county fulfils its responsibility for organising services.

Responsibility for financial resources, responsibility for financing

Responsibility for financial resources means a statutory obligation to finance health and social services.

Responsibility for organising services

The county has a responsibility for organising healthcare and social welfare services in such a way that clients get the health and social services required by law.

Service entity

Service entity is an administrative unit for the provision of healthcare and social welfare services.

Service integration, integration of services

Service integration means that health and social services are arranged into client-oriented packages.

Service provider, provider of health and social services

Service providers are public, private or third sector operators that provide health and social services. The services are publicly funded.

Service provision, provision of services

Provision of services means that a service provider and its personnel delivers health and social services to people.

See also service provider

Unincorporated county enterprise

Unincorporated country enterprises are operators that provide health services, social services and specialised healthcare services.